Mexico: Conflict prevention, development of agreements and peace building for internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Chiapas State
The 1994 clash between the Mexican State and the Zapatista resulted in tens of thousands of people being driven off their land. Many of these remain displaced, fueling strife and perpetuating poverty in Mexico's least developed state. The aim of this Joint Programme was to reduce conflict and tension in 25 communities in Chiapas by strengthening the criminal justice system, improving security and developing a culture of peace.
An integral process involved strengthening the criminal justice system and a culture of peace and local human development in the regions Altos, Norte and Selva.
The programme had three areas of focus:
- Promoting public policies for strengthening the rule of law and furthering the achievement of the MDGs, using three indicators systems;
- Institutional development of the criminal justice and penal systems and general security, based on local analyses; and
- Strengthening local and state capacities for the reduction and non-violent resolution of conflicts and the construction of a culture of peace.
Main achievements included:
- Facilitated approval of the Law on Internal Displacement in the state of Chiapas that improved access to justice for displaced populations. A strategic plan was developed for law enforcement and justice administration, and technical training was provided for organs of state and municipal police.
- Promoted the establishment of a Documentation Centre on displaced population, positioning the displacement problem in the National Agenda.
- Promoted a culture of peace in over 25 locations in the municipalities of intervention through art-based sport activities in schools and a Diploma program in Interculturalism and the Culture of Peace. Community spaces were created or improved to promote coexistence, rebuild the social fabric and strengthen mechanisms for dialogue and for the prevention and resolution of conflicts.
- Improved access to housing for displaced populations: 1,546 projects to improve housing and living conditions were carried out though a partnership with two civil society organizations, which provided technical support.
Click for more detailed results from the Joint Programmes in Mexico (in Spanish).