Ecuador: Conservation and Sustainable Management of the Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Yasuní Biosphere Reserve
This Joint Programme's goal was to support the conservation and management of the Yasuní Biosphere Reserve (YBR), one of the world’s greatest areas of biodiversity, and a national priority for Ecuador. The programme focused on implementing community-based economic alternatives for the most vulnerable populations, and on initiatives to deal with climate change through adaptation and the non-emission of greenhouse gases.
The programme contributed to the achievement of MDG 1, poverty reduction, giving priority to disadvantaged populations. It also contributed to the protection of the rights of indigenous populations living in voluntary isolation (PVI). The conservation of the YBR is one of the country’s national priorities and the Ministry of the Environment was the programme’s main partner.
- Integrated management of the territory of the reserve;
- Capacity building to reduce the negative impacts of large-scale economic activities;
- National policies and strategies for the protection of tribes;
- Country initiative to maintain oil reserves underground.
- Development of environmentally sustainable community productive activities in the buffer zone of the reserve;
- Strengthening local capacities for management of the reserve;
- Development of financial sustainability mechanisms for the conservation and management of the reserve.
Main achievements included:
- Support for the land-use planning of the Yasuni Biosphere Reserve.
- Support for the education plan for sustainable development.
- Contribution to the national policy for the protection of isolated indigenous communities.
Awareness campaigns for the prevention of environmental crimes that increased advocacy capacity of women at the cantonal level, and reduced illegal trade in timber species, wildlife and bushmeat.
Projects were supported to increase food security and alternative income generation; training and the provision of equipment to ground staff of the Ministry of the Environment.
Support was given for 38 projects to manage ecosystem goods and services. The programme also contributed to capacity building in the management of micro-enterprises, creation and management of savings and credit institutions, and design and presentation of project proposals, including the Yasuní Biosphere Reserve Databank.