Bosnia and Herzegovina: Securing Access to Water through Institutional Development and Infrastructure
Access to safe drinking water in BiH is well below European standards: only 60% of the population is connected to public/municipal water utilities, compared to a 90% average for the EU. Water supply and quality is only adequate in large urban areas; in many smaller cities and rural areas, residents have to pay high prices for water delivered with tankers by private vendors. This Joint Programme aims to reduce the proportion of people without sustainable access to drinking water by strengthening government capacity, increasing investments in the water supply sector and including poor populations in water planning and policy.
The programme focuses on three levels of stakeholders -- the rights holders (citizenry), the service providers (utilities), and the duty-bearers (governments) -- to achieve the following objectives:
1. Improving the inclusion of citizens in decision-making processes;
2. Improving the economic governance of water utilities while sensitizing consumers to pay their bills; and
3. Increasing the capacities of governments for evidence-based policy making and resource planning.
The expected benefits of the programme will contribute to the achievement of BH UNDAF Outcome 2, “Improved access to and quality of basic education, health and social protection services”, and MDGs 1, 4, 5, 6 and 7.
JOINT PROGRAMME QUICK FACTS
- Sustainable Local Governance Structures for Social Protection are functional (Commissions for Social Protection and Inclusion, Protocols on Cooperation and Procedure, Criteria and Measures of Social Policy within the Water Supply System) and 13 Action Plans for Social Protection have been developed and adopted.
- The programme has contributed to enhanced water supply services in partner municipalities by developing action plans for tariff structure and financial sustainability. Along with local partners, the programme has implemented infrastructure projects improving significantly the water supply service, both in terms of quality and quantity of water.
- Developed capacities of local communities to properly manage water supply systems through preparation and adoption of the Water Supply Studies.
*as of June 2012 programme reporting period